The following provides prospective students, current students and community members with information, facts and figures about Southwest College of Naturopathic Medicine (SCNM). Privacy, right-to-know, student retention, program completion, career statistics and crime statistics, special services for disabled students, and other institutional information can be found through the links below. For questions regarding this information or to provide a paper copy of this information, please contact the Vice President of Student Affairs office at 480.858.9100.
Students are expected to attend all classes, laboratories, and clinical clerkships. It is the faculty member’s prerogative to determine attendance requirements for lecture sessions. Attendance requirements are stated in the course syllabus. Attendance at laboratories and clinical clerkships is mandatory. Students receiving Title IV financial assistance, including assistance from the Veterans Administration (VA), are responsible for meeting VA and/or applicable federal aid attendance requirements.
The Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine program is designed to be completed in four calendar years or 15 academic quarters (five calendar years or 19 academic quarters for the 5-year track). Students who deviate from the standard academic program will extend the length of the program. “Satisfactory Academic Progress” is defined as passing all program requirements within one and one-half (1.5) times the length of the longest published program in which they are enrolled, from initial date of matriculation including any and all leaves of absence and periods of withdrawal followed by re-activation. Generally, this is between 6 – 7 years. Students must earn a minimum of 16 credits each term, unless on an approved deviated track. Credits transferred from an approved institution count toward the maximum completion time. Students must make satisfactory progress toward the completion of their degree at SCNM to be eligible for most financial aid programs. SCNM’s satisfactory academic progress policy includes cumulative GPA, academic year minimum credits earned, and total completion time as noted above. Students who fail to make satisfactory academic progress in any term will be given an academic warning and will be placed on academic probation.
SCNM is committed to excellence in educational quality and learning outcomes by providing a supportive academic environment to students. Federal regulations require SCNM to develop and apply a consistent policy of academic progress, which includes a quantitative measure (credit hours completed) as well as a qualitative measure (grade point average). To make satisfactory academic progress, SCNM students must take and successfully complete a cumulative number of required credits by the end of every calendar year and must maintain a career GPA of 2.0 or higher. Failure to maintain either of these requirements will result in the student’s being placed on academic probation and/or being academically dismissed.
SCNM students have the responsibility to recognize when they are experiencing academic difficulties and to initiate requests for assistance. Students are encouraged to seek assistance from their faculty members, academic advisor, and the Dean of Students. When a student’s class attendance, demonstrated competence, and/or rate of academic progress indicates he or she is not succeeding in a course, the faculty member is required to discuss the situation with the student and to report the student’s concerns to the Dean of Students. The Dean will then connect the student with the appropriate resources to support his/her success. These may include, but are not limited to, support from peer mentors, tutoring services, and counseling.
First Academic Probation: A student is subject to the first level academic probation (Probation I) if any of the following occur:
• The student’s cumulative GPA falls below 2.0
• The student does not meet the minimum academic requirements
• The student fails a course/clerkship during his/her enrollment at SCNM,
• The student fails to meet the Technical Standards of Admission as outlined in the College catalog
Students placed on first academic probation will receive notification from the Registrar’s Office, along with a notation on their transcript, and will be required to meet with the academic advisor for recommendations on how to improve their academic performance. Students are encouraged to meet with the Dean of Students to obtain additional academic assistance.
Second Academic Probation: Students are placed on a second and final academic probation if any of the following occur:
• The student’s cumulative GPA falls below 2.0 for the second time
• The student does not meet the minimum academic requirements
• The student fails a course/clerkship while being on the first academic probation
• The student fails to meet the Technical Standards of Admission while on the first academic probation
Students on academic probation for the second time will receive notification from the Registrar’s Office, along with a notation on their transcript, and will be required to meet with the Academic Advising Specialist and the Dean of Students to discuss an academic agreement intended to improve performance. The academic advisor will report recommendations to the Academic Policy and Progress Committee (APPC) to review and make additional recommendations as deemed necessary. Students on Probation I or Probation II who plan to continue the program at SCNM will be required to complete an Academic Agreement during their meeting with the academic advisor. If the student is unable to continue in their prescribed program of study, the student may be placed on an Administrative Leave of Absence (ALOA) and therefore may not be eligible for financial aid. The student may be eligible to reenter their prescribed program of study as determined by the APPC and SCNM’s ALOA policy as outlined in the catalog. The Academic Probation notation remains on the student’s transcript indefinitely. Students return to good standing when their cumulative GPA returns to 2.0 or higher and/or they pass previously failed course(s).
A student may be subject to suspension due to the same reasons for academic dismissal (see below). The Academic Policy and Progress Committee makes the decision for suspension or permanent academic dismissal. Except where prior approval has been granted by the Dean of Students, a suspended or dismissed student will not participate in any SCNM-sponsored activities and will be barred from the College’s property during the suspension period and/or after dismissal.
Students demonstrating unsatisfactory academic progress will be considered for dismissal. While on academic probation for the second time, a student will be considered for dismissal if any of the following occur:
• The student’s cumulative GPA falls below 2.0
• The student does not meet the minimum academic requirements
• The student fails a course/clerkship while being on second academic probation
• The student fails the same course for the second time during any portion of their enrollment at SCNM (a course includes any didactic class or clinical clerkship in the Program of Study)
• The student fails to meet the Technical Standards of Admission as outlined in the catalog
At any time in the program, SCNM reserves the right to dismiss a student when his/her academic record is deemed unsatisfactory. Likewise, a student whose total record shows considerable ability and marked improvement may be given special consideration. Students may be subject to disciplinary actions, including suspension and dismissal, for failure to follow the Code of Student Professional Conduct and Academic Honor policies as outlined in the Student Handbook (See Student Handbook). Students subject to dismissal will receive a letter from the Registrar’s Office. A copy of this letter will be forwarded to the Dean of Students, APPC, and the chief academic officer. Dismissal Appeal Process The student will be informed that they have five (5) business days in which to request an appeal to the APPC regarding dismissal. The student will receive notification from the Dean of Students regarding the outcome of the appeal. The Dean of Students will communicate this decision to Chief Academic Officer (CAO). The student will have five (5) business days to appeal in writing to the CAO (or his/her delegate), whose decision is final. While pending appeal for dismissal, a student may not attend any classes, may not participate in any SCNM-sponsored activities, and will be barred from the College’s property unless permission is given by the Dean of Students. Students who have been dismissed will not be readmitted to the college under any circumstances.
SCNM is proud to partner with the University of Arizona Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health (MEZCOPH) at University of Arizona and the Phoenix Institute of Herbal Medicine and Acupuncture (PIHMA). Through these partnership agreements, students may be dually enrolled at SCNM and either institution for additional degree completion.
SCNM has an informal and formal procedure to resolve complaints and concerns that students may have about the implementation of the policies and procedures that govern the institution. The institutional community benefits from prompt resolution of issues. The Student Grievance Procedure will be followed only in cases where there is not a procedure governing a specific policy. See the Student Handbook located here.
Students must first utilize the informal process in an effort to resolve a grievance. The student must initiate the informal process according to the procedures set forth in this Informal Grievance Process, within five days after the student receives notice or otherwise knows of the action, decision, or receipt of course grade, which is the basis for the grievance.
1. Discussion with Faculty, Staff or Administrator
Within five days after the student knows the basis for a grievance, the student must discuss the problem with the individual that the student has the grievance against.
2. Discussion with Chair or Supervisor
If a satisfactory resolution is not reached with the individual, the student must request in writing a meeting with the Chair of the Department, Dean of Instruction, Chief Academic Officer, or direct supervisor of the staff member within five working days after the student determines that the grievance cannot be resolved with the person. The Chair, Dean of Instruction, Chief Academic Officer, or supervisor shall meet with the student within seven days after receipt of the request. The Chair, Dean of Instruction, Chief Academic Officer, or supervisor may then elect to meet with the student and person together or separately in an effort to resolve the grievance.
3. Discussion with Dean of Students
If a satisfactory resolution through the Chair, Dean of Instruction, Chief Academic Officer, or supervisor is not achieved, the student must request in writing a meeting with the Dean of Students within five days after the student determines the grievance cannot be resolved. The Dean of Students will meet with the student within five days after receipt of the request.
If the Dean of Students is unable to resolve the grievance between the student and the person, he/she will provide a written statement to the student stating that the grievance was not resolved through the informal grievance process. Within five days after receiving the statement from the Dean of Students, a student who desires to proceed with the formal grievance must file a written statement of the grievance to the Dean of Students and he/she will present it to the Academic Progress Committee.
In the event the grievance is not resolved through the informal process, the student may proceed with a formal grievance. A written grievance letter must be submitted to the Dean of Students no later than five days after the failed informal process. At this time, an ad-hoc committee would be developed to appropriately handle the grievance. The decision of this ad-hoc committee is final. Deviations from the outlined timeline and/or procedures may occur on occasion and will not invalidate a decision or proceeding - this process not to exceed 45 business days.
1. Filing of Grievance
Within five business days after receiving a statement from the Dean of Students that the grievance was not resolved informally, the student must file a written statement of the grievance addressed to the Dean of Students who will forward it to the ad-hoc committee. The grievance must include a description of the specific events, actions, faculty, student, staff or administrator, course and grade (if applicable), relating to the grievance and the resolution the student is seeking.
2. Receipt of Grievance
Within 10 business days of receipt of the grievance, the ad-hoc committee chair will do the following:
a. Appoint members of the committee, including one student member, to act as a hearing panel to process the grievance;
b. Designate at least one faculty member on the hearing panel to chair the panel for the grievance;
c. Forward the grievance to the panel chair for processing.
3. Grievance to Person
Within seven business days after receiving the grievance, the Hearing Panel Chair will forward a copy of the grievance to the person against whom the grievance is filed and request the person to file five copies of a written response to the committee within five days after receiving a copy of the grievance.
4. Response of Person
Within 5 business days after receiving the person’s response to the grievance, the committee will forward copies of the grievance and response to the student and to the other members of the panel.
The panel will schedule a hearing, which may consist of one or more meetings with the student and the person who has the grievance filed against them, to hear both parties respectively, related to the grievance. The first meeting will be scheduled no later than 30 days after the panel chair received the grievance.
6. Conflict of Interest or Bias
If either party believes a member of the hearing panel should not participate, based on perceived or actual bias or conflict of interest, they may request, in writing, that the panel member be excused and the Chair of the Committee can, if the conflict appears to generate bias, appoint another member of the Committee to serve on the panel to hear the grievance. If a designated Committee panel member believes he or she has a bias or conflict of interest which would negatively impact their ability to decide the grievance fairly, the panel member will excuse him or herself, notify the chair of the Committee, and the chair will appoint a new panel member.
Both parties may provide documents to the committee for review and consideration. If provided, five copies of the documents must be provided to the chair at least seven days before the first scheduled date of the hearing. However, the committee will advise the parties that they will only consider documents that specifically relate to the grievance and the response. The panel chair will retain one set of documents and forward the other sets to the other members at least five days before the hearing.
The HLC has established a clear distinction between individual grievances and complaints that appear to involve broad institutional practices. Where a complaint does raise issues regarding the institution’s ongoing ability to meet the Criteria of Accreditation, the HLC forwards the complaint to the institution and requests a formal response. For instructions on how to file a complaint, and information the complaint process, visit the HLC website. For further information, contact:
Higher Learning Commission
230 South LaSalle Street, Suite 7-500, Chicago, Illinois 60604-1411
Phone: 312.263.0456 Fax: 312.263.7462 email@example.com
The Arizona State Board for Private Postsecondary Education (“State Board”) is responsible for the licensing and regulation of private postsecondary educational institutions operating in the state of Arizona. The laws governing the State Board and its licensees are at A.R.S § 32-3001 et seq. To file a complaint on the State Board’s website, visit https://ppse.az.gov/. This website contains information about the complaint process and includes instructions for how to file a formal complaint. Note that the policy provides that a student who wishes to file a complaint with the department must first exhaust all available grievance procedures established by the institution, Arizona Administrative Code Rule R4-39-403.
Any individual who believes that he or she, or a specific individual or class of individuals, has been subjected to discrimination on the basis of disability may file a complaint with the Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights (OCR). Complaints must be filed within 180 days from the date of the alleged discrimination. OCR may extend the 180-day deadline if you can show "good cause." For more information on how to file a complaint, and for information on the complaint process, visit the OCR website. For further information, contact:
Department of Health and Human Services, OCR: Hotlines: 1-800-368-1019 (Voice) 1-800-537-7697 (TDD)
For more information on how to file a complaint of discrimination with OCR, visit www2.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education
(OCR National Headquarters)
Office for Civil Rights
Lyndon Baines Johnson Department of Education Bldg
400 Maryland Avenue, SW
Washington, DC 20202-1100
Fax: 202-453-6012; TDD: 800-877-8339
Nothing in this disclosure should be construed to limit any right that you may have to take civil or criminal legal action to resolve your complaints. SCNM has provided this disclosure to you in compliance with the requirements of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, as regulated in CFR 34, Sections 600.9(b)(3) and 668.43(b). If anything in this disclosure is out of date, please notify SCNM, Dean of Students’ Office. This disclosure was last revised on 09-12-16.
View SCNM Policy on Copyright here.
SCNM welcomes applications from students from all backgrounds and does not discriminate on the basis of disability, race, sex, and ethnic background, place of origin, age, religion, spiritual belief, sexual orientation, or political affiliations. SCNM is committed to complying with all applicable provisions of the Americans
with Disabilities Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. It is College policy not to discriminate against any qualified student or applicant with regard to any terms or conditions because of such individual’s disability or perceived disability, so long as the student can perform the essential functions of the program (see Technical Standards p. 10). Consistent with this policy, the College will provide reasonable accommodations to a qualified individual with a disability, as defined by the ADA, who has made SCNM aware of his or her disability, provided that such accommodation does not constitute an undue hardship to SCNM.
Persons with disabilities who meet the technical standards, possess the required abilities, and meet all academic qualifications for admission are encouraged to apply for admission. A request for special accommodations must be submitted to the Dean of Students prior to matriculation.
Matriculated students with disabilities who believe they need a reasonable accommodation to perform the essential functions of a student must contact the Dean of Students to make appropriate arrangements prior to the beginning of each quarter. Students will be required to provide substantive evidence of a disability as defined by the ADA and complete the special accommodation form.
If a student, after following SCNM procedures, believes SCNM is not fulfilling its responsibilities under the ADA or other acts, may contact the Dean of Students for further advice and assistance. If the matter remains unresolved, the student may file a complaint with the Director of Human Resources (compliance officer for the ADA and Rehabilitation Act).
SCNM student diversity as reported in the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). Data reported are for enrolled students during Fall 2015:
|SCNM IPEDS DATA||Enrolled||% Enrolled|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||3||.9%|
|Black or African American||37||10%|
|Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander||2||.5%|
|Two or More Races||17||5%|
SCNM’s Career Services Office provides students and alumni with resources, assistance and guidance in career development and career search. SCNM does not guarantee job placement upon completion of the program or upon graduation. The Career Services Office collects data on employment* rates through annual student and alumni surveys. Pre-graduation and 6 month post-graduation employment rates are below:
|Alumni/Career Data||Summer 2015||Summer 2014||Winter 2013||Summer 2013||Winter 2012||Summer 2012||Winter 2011||Summer 2011|
|Pre-graduation Employment Rate||74%||75%||22%||56%||71%||85%||63%||65%|
|6-month Post-graduation Employment Rate||N/A||88%||85%||87%||83%||92%||83%||82%|
NDs are licensed in the state of Arizona. For information regarding relevant licensing requirements in Arizona, visit the Arizona Naturopathic Physicians Medical Board.
*For the purposes of this report, employment/employed refers to the total number of people gainfully employed or working in the profession.
The federal government, under Student Right-to-Know (SRTK) legislation, requires that all colleges and universities report the number of students who began their studies full time and who complete programs within 150% of the normal time required for completion. For SCNM, a four-year ND program, that time period is six years. *SCNM does not provide disaggregate graduation/completion rates by demographic as SCNM enrolled too few of such students to so disclose or report with confidence and confidentiality.
|Matriculating 1st Yr Students||Returning for 2nd Yr||Grad in 4 Yrs or Fewer||Grad in 5 Yrs or Fewer||Grad in 6 Yrs or Fewer|
1st-year retention (5-year cohort average) 87%
Five year cohort retention (percent of students retained within a five year period) 83%
Graduation rate five-year cohort 76%
The SCNM campus is housed on 8.5 acres. Campus facilities include classrooms/labs of various sizes, a cadaver lab, a library, and administrative offices serving approximately 400 students and 200 full- and part-time staff and faculty members. In addition, there are clinics, a laboratory, and a medicinary providing naturopathic medical care to more than 14,000 patients annually. The campus is a fragrance-free facility.
Academic Building (AB): 28,000 sq. ft.
2140 E. Broadway Road, Tempe, AZ 85282
Community Commons (CC): 47,900 sq. ft.
2152 E. Broadway Road, Tempe, AZ 85282
Medical Center/Administration Building (MC): 42,000 sq. ft.
2164 E. Broadway Road, Tempe, AZ 85282
This federal law provides that eligible students have access to their educational records for inspection and review; further, this law protects the rights of a student to privacy by limiting access by others to education records without express written consent of the student. SCNM may release information from an education record without the consent of the student to officials of another college or university where the student seeks or intends to enroll, as permitted by FERPA SS99.31 (a) (2).
SCNM may release information from an education record without the consent of the student to another educational institution in which the student is enrolled. For example, SCNM may release academic records for a “dual enrollment” without prior written consent of the student (FERPA SS99.34 (b)). SCNM may disclose information from an education record without the consent of the student if the information is necessary to protect the health or safety of the student or other individuals (FERPA SS99.36). Students have the right to review and inspect their education records, including their application, except for confidential recommendations. Photo identification must be presented before access to education records will be permitted. An appointment must be made with the Registrar’s Office to access an education record.
SCNM may release information that has been defined under the Directory Information provision of FERPA. SCNM defines directory information as name, address, photo, phone number, e-mail address, dates of attendance, program of study, degree conferral date, enrollment status, grade level, and degree/awards earned. Forms are available at the Welcome & Enrollment Center for a student to request that SCNM withhold all directory information.
Student information of a private, personal, or confidential nature that is provided to SCNM faculty and staff will not be disclosed improperly. The faculty is expected to provide accurate evaluations of students. For the purposes of monitoring and recording student progress, evaluations include the strengths and weaknesses of academic, clinical, communication, and professional skills. The evaluations also include observations and opinions regarding academic effort and professional conduct. Although not required, faculty and staff may provide judgments of a student’s abilities and character to others in appropriate circumstances in accordance with the SCNM policy on student records.
Judicial subpoena of records, upon condition that the college makes a reasonable effort to notify the student in advance of release of records.
Emergency situations, if knowledge of personal information is necessary to protect the health or safety of a student or other person(s).
Military requests (Solomon Amendment)
Student Clearinghouse Submissions
For more information regarding student rights, students should contact the Registrar’s Office.
Student identification numbers are used in college transactions. Students are assigned individual student identification numbers (SID numbers) for use in college transactions such as web-based services and other student services. To comply with federal laws, the colleges are required to ask for the student’s Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN).
Colleges use the SSN / ITIN to report American Opportunity Tax Credit / Lifetime Learning tax credit, to administer state-federal financial aid, to verify enrollment, degree and academic transcript records, and to conduct institutional research. Pursuant to state law (RCW 28B.10.042) and federal law (Family Rights and Privacy Act), the college will protect the student’s SSN from unauthorized use and/or disclosure.
If a student does not submit a SSN / ITIN, the student will not be denied access to the college; however, the student may be subject to civil penalties (refer to Internal Revenue Service Treasury Regulation 1.6050S-1(e)(4) for more information).
SCNM does not discriminate on the basis of race, ethnicity, gender, social-economic background, religion, sexual orientation, gender expression or identity, age, disability, veteran status, nationality, thinking styles and life experiences in the administration of educational policies, admission policies, financial aid, employment, or any other program or activity.
Complete withdrawal is defined as completely withdrawing from all classes (including a leave of absence). In the case of a complete withdrawal, the following tuition refunds apply, and are dependent upon the withdrawal date.
For calculation purposes, the date of complete withdrawal is the date the student provides a formal written notice to the Registrar’s Office of the intent to withdraw. In the case of a student who fails to notify the Registrar’s Office of intent to withdraw, the date that is the midpoint of the term or the student’s last documented date of an academically related activity will be considered the withdrawal date, whichever is the longest time period.
Intensive/selective courses that precede the term will be considered as stand-alone courses for the purpose of withdrawal and refunds. Refunds for these courses will be based on the length of the course and the time enrolled unless otherwise noted.
|Withdrawal Date||Refund Calculations|
|Complete withdrawal before the start of the term||100% tuition and fees with the exception of non-refundable fees as noted in tuition and fee schedule|
|Complete withdrawal after the start of the term||% of tuition and refundable fees charged will be based on the federal guidelines formula as shown below. All other fees, as noted in the tuition and fee schedule, are not refundable|
|After the 60% completion point of the term||0% tuition and fees refunded|
For consistency purposes, SCNM applies the same federal guidelines for prorate refunds to all student refund calculations as those applied to students receiving federal financial aid. The federal guidelines for financial aid refunds are determined on the basis of the student’s withdrawal date and the length of the session. The length of the session is calculated from the first day of instruction through final exams of the registered session(s) and excludes any breaks of five days or more.
A. Refund Rate = Calendar days completed in the period of enrollment ÷ total calendar days in the period of enrollment
B. Refund Amount = Tuition charges for the period of enrollment X the percentage of unearned Title IV aid
This calculation determines the percentage of federal funds that have been earned by the student at the time of withdrawal and the amount of unearned funds that must be returned to the federal program. For more information, see the financial aid web page on the SCNM web site, or consult the Financial Aid Office.
A medical/compassionate withdrawal request may be submitted to the Academic Progress Committee through the Office of the Dean of Students. Requests are considered in cases in which serious illness/injury or extreme personal circumstances beyond the student’s control prevents a student from continuing his/her classes and an incomplete or other arrangement with the faculty member is not possible. Applications for withdrawal require documentation. A student who receives an incomplete for any course has one calendar year or four consecutive quarters to complete the outstanding work and receive a grade before the “I” is changed to a “WD.”
Students withdrawing for military deployment must attach a copy of the military order to the withdrawal form. Grades of WD for withdrawal are recorded on the oﬃcial academic record; these grades are non-penalizing. All tuition and fees paid by the student for the quarter from which the student is withdrawing will be refunded at a rate of 100%. If the student is withdrawing after the 70% completion point (excluding intensives) and was granted approved incompletes by the faculty member, the student is not eligible for tuition refund. The student has one calendar year or four consecutive quarters to complete the outstanding work and receive a grade before the “I” changes to a “WD.”
Three indicators of program success include: the percentage of students finishing the program within five years*, the percentage of graduates finding employment within the profession, and SCNM cohort default rate on federal loans. These outcome measures are reported below.
*Completion data has not been compiled for the five-year ND program, as this program was launched in 2015.
The ND program is 14 quarters long, or four calendar years. Approximately 87 percent of students who graduated in the last three years completed the program within the expected four calendar years. For aggregate graduation rates, please go to the Enrollment/Graduation Rates.
A second outcome measure is how readily graduates are employed. According to student report over the past three years, 82 percent of our graduates were employed in the profession within one year of graduation. For the aggregate employment rates, please go to the Employment Data.
A third outcome measure is cohort default rates.
The U.S. Department of Education releases 3-year cohort default rates once per year. The cohort default rate identifies students who received loans under the William D. Ford Federal Direct loan program or the Federal Family Education Loan (FFEL) program during the federal fiscal year (October 1-September 30). The CDR calculates a percentage of SCNM’s borrowers who enter repayment and default on one or more of their federal student loans within a specific time frame. The chart below identifies SCNM’s 3 year cohort default rate. Please contact SCNM’s Financial Aid Office with questions regarding these rates.
3 Year Default Rate
No. in Default
No. in Repayment
For more information regarding the U.S. Department of Education official cohort default rates, please visit http://www2.ed.gov/offices/OSFAP/defaultmanagement/cdr.html. SCNM’s U.S. Department of Education Office of Postsecondary Education Identifier (OPE ID) is: 031070.
In 2005, congress passed a law brought forward by Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV), one of the Senate’s leading constitutional experts. This law requires all educational institutions receiving federal funds, as well as federal agencies, to hold programming on the Constitution every September 17. In addition, the federal government is required to provide new employees with educational material about the Constitution. Senator Byrd, who keeps a copy of the Constitution in his pocket, told his colleagues, “Some events define and shape history…moving the world onto a new path. On September 17, 1787, just such an event occurred when the Constitution of the United States was signed.”
This SCNM webpage is designed to provide SCNM students, faculty and staff with information and educational resources on the U.S. Constitution. Students are encouraged to engage in dialogue on the various SCNM intranet forums to discuss the Constitution and how this important document impact our lives even today.
Between 1774 and 1789, thirteen colonies became a nation - the United States of America. In 1774, Great Britain's North American colonies first came together to defend themselves against wrongs committed by Great Britain. By 1789, these colonies had become independent states, joined by a new federal constitution into a single nation.
The Continental Congress (1774-1789) began as a coordinated effort to resist the British. The Congress assembled representatives from every colony. With the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, the Congress became the central institution for managing the struggle for American independence.
Independence raised new issues. How could thirteen separate self-governed states unite? What form would that union take? The Articles of Confederation (1781-1789) were America's first attempt to govern itself as an independent nation. They united the states as a confederation - a loose league of states represented in a Congress.
In 1783, with the war formally drawing to a close, the Congress faced a wider range of issues: the disbanding of the Continental Army, the large debts owed by each state, foreign debts owed by the Confederation, the governing of territories won from the British, and the establishment of formal relationships with foreign countries.
Many Americans saw the need for a more powerful central authority; the Congress as defined by the Articles of Confederation was too weak to make the states obey congressional mandates. Despite the Congress's continued attempts to improve its effectiveness, Americans were anxious for change. In 1786, leading statesmen called for a special convention to revise the Articles -- the Constitutional Convention.
The Constitutional Convention of 1787 proposed a new constitution establishing a much stronger national government. Although this controversial new Constitution provoked a great deal of resistance, it was eventually ratified by the necessary number of states, replacing the Articles of Confederation as the framework of the United States government.
Debate and compromise, controversy and tedious detail, foreign affairs and domestic problems, are all included in the 267 documents of the Continental Congress and Constitutional Convention Broadside Collections. Including public announcements of congressional actions, drafts of legislation, committee reports, and final versions of legislation or treaties, these broadsides illustrate the evolution of a government, from a legislative body called together in the crisis of war, to an intricate system of checks and balances. These documents show the birth of the American nation.
Taken from the National Archives website on the U.S. Constitution.
The Constitution, forged by the founding fathers over two hundred years ago, still has an affect on our day to day lives. You may be amazed by the number of ways that the U.S. Constitution and the bill of rights impacts your rights as a student. Important rights such as due process, freedom of speech, freedom of association, to name a few are all protected under the U.S. Constitution.
Student life aspects that relate to the Constitution include freedom of association, free speech on campus, student fees, educational malpractice and contracts to name a few. Many rights enjoyed by college students can be trace back to the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights.
Right to assemble, for example, is protected by the first amendment of the Constitution. The first amendment states, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances." Right to assemble is what allows students at SCNM to organize and gain membership in the Student Government Association. The association represents the interests of the student body, acting as a liaison between administration, faculty and students.
Right to due process, for example, is protected by the fifth amendment of the constitution. The fifth amendment states, "...nor shall any person...be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law..." The Student Handbook outlines several processes for due process, including Review by College Hearing Board, Code of Conduct, and Student Rights.
You may register to vote if you are a U.S. citizen, an Arizona resident, and will be 18 by Election Day. Click here to register to vote online.